The consequences of high pressure
Excessive pressure on the walls of the arteries caused by elevated blood pressure can damage the blood vessels and organs in the body. The higher the blood pressure and the longer its treatment is delayed, the greater the damage will be.
Untreated hypertension, that is, hypertension, can go a long way without problems. But that doesn’t mean there won’t be consequences. Elevated pressure is one of the major risk factors for developing heart disease and blood vessels, but other organs are also affected.
If left untreated, untreated blood pressure can cause a heart attack. The heart suffers because it has to move the blood with much more effort and energy, which causes it to thicken the heart muscle – hypertrophy of the left heart chamber develops.
Thickened heart muscle can eventually cause heart failure. Fluid builds up in the lungs and legs. Both conditions lead to a high degree of disability and prevent a normal life.
Thickened heart muscle, on the one hand, and atherosclerotic altered coronary blood vessels, on the other, cause inferior blood flow so that coronary disease (angina) occurs more frequently and infarction occurs more frequently.
The brain gets hurt the most. Damaged blood vessels burst under pressure and a stroke occurs. Mortality is high, while life after a stroke loses quality. Stroke is the most common complication associated with high pressure.
Memory and learning
Elevated blood pressure that is not under control also affects the ability to think, remember and learn. Difficult memory or comprehension occurs more frequently in people with high blood pressure.
The blood vessels in the ocular background are very sensitive and gentle. Bleeding leads to loss of vision in parts of the eye. The visual acuity is reduced, but the field of vision is also reduced. This can lead to complete loss of vision.
Blood vessels are affected
One of the consequences of untreated pressure is the rupture of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. If the walls of the aorta are atheroscleroticly altered, it can rupture under high pressure. This condition ends with death despite attempting a quick operation. Otherwise, the aorta suffers a long load by becoming stiff, inelastic and prone to dilation.
Elsewhere in the body, blood vessels are also affected, as evidenced by the diminished function of the organs that supply the blood. The blood vessels age much faster, and complications in the organs supplying the blood occur earlier than usual.
Bad for the kidneys
The kidneys are damaged because they have high blood flow, and they have to be cleaned of harmful substances. This organ is also responsible for removing excess fluid from the body, and it plays a significant role in regulating blood pressure, producing red blood cells, maintaining bone strength, and breaking down some proteins.
What are the signs
– Head pain and pressure are the result of inappropriately increased flow in the brain arteries, which cannot be sufficiently defended against high pressure.
– The redness of the face is due to the increased expansion of blood vessels in the skin and directly under the skin due to increased blood flow.
– Bleeding from the small capillaries in the nose may be one of the first signs of elevated blood pressure. It happens because of the sensitivity of the capillaries, which fail to withstand the internal pressure and shoot.
– Sometimes the patient may notice mild fatigue, difficulty in performing day-to-day tasks, and lack of concentration.
Regardless of what medication your high blood pressure doctor will prescribe for you, you will also need to change your lifestyle to lower it. These changes relate to a healthier diet with less salt, diet, more physical activity, smoking cessation and weight loss.